By the way, in the previous article, the mayor of Iizuka City, Fukuoka Prefecture was betting mahjong and became a problem, and mentioned the possibility of the mayor’s punishment, but this time, in the world. Most of the countless mahjong shops (sparrow) are actually illegal stores, and I would like to comment on the questions that everyone who bet Mahjong may be punished for gambling.
Last article: Will the mayor who discovered the betting Mahjong be punished for gambling? ? Lawyer explains
Jakuso and their customers are illegal! ?
First of all, the crime of gambling is not only a gambling crime applied to 메가슬롯 the gambling person, but also a gambling place opening, which is applied to those who opened the gambling field and trying to make a profit, and overseas. Rather, the gambling itself is free, and it seems that there are many cases where only the gambling place is limited.
Reference “Article 186, Paragraph 2 of the Penal Code: Those who open the gambling field or bind and make a profit for more than five years.”
By the way, about the sparrow villas that are overflowing throughout the town and the customers, according to the concept of the precedents, as long as you bet on money, it is illegal regardless of the amount, and the sparrow field is opened. The crimes, customers, have to say that they are gambling.
(By the way, the mahjong tournament, which is a prize money, does not fall under the prize money if a sponsor is not a participant.)
So why is Jakuso continuing to be open?
That’s because the police have missed it.
In the first place, all crimes in the world have been investigated, charged, and can be charged, and the police and prosecutors have been given a certain discretion for investigations and indictments.
It may seem surprising, but there is no law that clearly indicates the general investigation obligations in the investigative agency, and the decision on whether or not the case is applied to a criminal trial is basically entrusted to the prosecutor’s discretion. It is.
Reference “Article 248 of the Criminal Procedure Code: If you do not require prosecution due to the character, age and circumstances of the criminal, the light weight of crime, and the situation after the crime, you can not make a prosecution.”
What is the level of gambling crimes?
It is said that a shop that plays mahjong at least at least 1000 points or more than 1000 yen or more (about 30,000 yen in one hour) will be caught, and in fact, a cartoonist. Mr. Nakameguro (provisional) has a east wind battle of 1000 points in Kabukicho (the rules that are settled in half of the normal rules, and the bets per hour are substantially doubled). He was arrested for the current criminal and was fined 100,000 yen.
If you think that a gambling is a very bad image, you may think that you only need a fine of 100,000 yen, but the gambling crime is up to 500,000 yen or less in the first place. It is a sin that only fines.
For the time being, gambling crimes include the added crimes called addictive gambling, and “addictive” determines whether the gambling habit is based on the nature, type, betting, etc. of the gambling. It is said (Supreme Court ruling on February 10, 1946), but a certain manga artist Hiroo (provisional) does not apply to the arrested store two weeks a week. did.
See “Article 186, Paragraph 1 of the Penal Code: Those who have gambling as addictive will be sentenced to prison for less than three years.”
To put it back, a certain manga artist, Roppongi, is basically unquestioned in the judgment of the investigative agency, as for sparrow that uses a loose rate than the arrested rate. It seems to be continuing.
However, it is not the case that it will be caught at all, and on April 27, 2011, a store with 1000 points (called Tengo, a average rate of sparrow villas nationwide) was caught. , Business owners and employees were arrested and became a hot topic (it seems that customers are unquestioned).
However, the store that was caught at this time, using a woman who is an employee, was operating in a business form that requires permission from the Law, and the rate of tissue papers distributed for advertising. There are rumors that it was not caught even though it was simply operated as other stores, such as (usually writes like a wind speed of 0.5). not clear).
Similarly, it seems that there are usually cases where the jarring law is noted by the law, but not the regulation of late -night business, not the gambling crime.
However, in any case, only special cases such as high -rate stores with a 1000 -point 200 yen or more, which are 1000 points or more, which is not easily found in the city so far. It is unlikely that customers will be arrested in the average sparrow.
Why is the sparrow villa, which should be illegal, left unattended?
In fact, the gambling crimes are stipulated and there are cases, so why are the illegal state of such a sparrow villa abandoned, despite the high possibility that you will be guilty if you are caught. Uh?
I think this is related to the purpose of gambling.
As I wrote in the previous article, in the precedent, the reasons for the gambling of the gambling, regardless of the legitimate cause of work, etc., are lucky (lucky without effort. If the feeling of wanting to get) is fueled, the lazy and waste tide spreads, not only harms the health of healthy and cultural labor, but also triggers assault, intimidation, killing, theft, robbery, etc. It has been stated that there is even a fear of a serious disability in the function of the national economy.
However, no matter how much gambling, I don’t think it would easily induce killing and robbery, and in the first place there are many public gambling in Japan, and it doesn’t make much sense to regulate only betting mahjong.
Public gambling is a gambling that is exceptionally recognized by individual laws for gambling prohibited by criminal law, and has horse racing, bicycle racing, boat racing, and auto racing.
In addition, it is not legally gambling, but there are also pachinko and pachislot.
In addition, it is said that the market size of pachinko and pachislot is about 23 trillion yen, and the market size of the entire public gambling such as horse racing and bicycle racing is about 4 trillion yen. You can see (the amount varies slightly depending on the reference source. The same is true hereinafter).
And the market size of mahjong is said to be about 50 billion yen, and it can be seen that it is extremely small compared to the influence of pachinko and other society.
The market size of each gambling is different, pachinko / pachislot is the amount of rental balls and rental medals, public gambling is the purchase amount of betting tickets, etc., Mahjong is the game fee paid to the Jakuso, the simple comparison is. I can’t, but at least, at the point where public gambling and pachinko / pachislot exist, it can be seen that there is no significant difference in gambling impact on gambling even if you regulate only betting mahjong.
Furthermore, in terms of whether or not to fuel gambling, public gambling can be used in one race, so it is possible to select high -risk high returns, and above all, buy for 100 yen for horse racing. There is a jackpot that the betting ticket costs more than 20 million yen.
Even in pachinko slots, depending on the model, it seems that 100,000 or 200,000 yen may move one day.
Furthermore, the transaction of financial products, which is not gambling, is always affected by coincidence, often moves large money, and has strong gambling. In fact, while I was climbing in Antarctica at the end of last year, I was lost in FX and suffered a lot of loss.
On the other hand, in the betting mahjong, the rate is set under the agreement of all the players, so it cannot be lifted to a high rate on its own, and many of the average rates of many sparrow villas. For 100 yen or 50 yen, at most tens of thousands of yen a day.
In this way, betting mahjong is formally a gambling crime, but if it is a rate used by many stores, the beautiful and cultural labor is more healthy and culturally than a public gambling. It cannot be said that it is harmful, and it can be evaluated that there is little substantial illegality.
As a result, I think that the investigative agency probably has a certain standard of a certain standard and basically draws a line that does not need to be caught (to a friend’s prosecutor). Although it was interviewed, there was no clear standard).
On top of that, besides betting mahjong, it is special if the profits are returning to anti -social forces, there is a problem with compliance with the law, and there are many problems with customers and employees. I think it has been caught.
However, in such a case, it is extremely rare for customers to be caught in stores and their employees, and even though they are average rate, they are punished. 。
However, if the provisions of gambling sin are set up to maintain the function of the national economy, it seems that the corresponding mahjong must be properly cracked down on this, but this is thorough. Not doing, that is, the law has deviated from the reality of the reality.
Originally, I think that betting mahjong is legally acknowledged that it is a privately owned gambling, and it should be managed by permission system, and the actual situation and the law should be combined.
Aside, about casino bills
On December 15, a so -called casino bill (IR promotion bill and a law on the maintenance of the specified complex tourist facility area) was enacted in the Diet, promulgated and enforced on the 26th of the same month.
The IR Promotion Bill only determines the basic policy of the establishment and operation of casinos, and the specific content depends on the IR implementation law that aims to formulate within the next year.
In the process of the formation of these bills, it has been pointed out that gambling addiction is the disadvantage of legalization of casinos.
Indeed, if the precedent has been staggering, if the gambling is fueled, the lazy and waste trend will spread, not only harm the health of healthy and cultural labor, but also assault, intimidate, theft, and robbery. There is even a fear that it triggers and even causes a serious obstacle to the functions of the national economy.
However, as has already been mentioned in this article, Japan has already gambling such as a market size of about 23 trillion yen.
And the calculation of this market is the amount of rental balls, etc. (equivalent to sales), but the amount of money that has been deducted from the balls and medals lent by the pachinko parlor, the amount of the balls that the customer acquired as a result (rough). It is said that it is about 3.3 trillion yen in profits).
On the other hand, the gross profit of the entire Las Vegas as a whole is said to be about 650 billion yen, and the whole Macau is about 2.5 trillion yen, and there are already gambling in Japan that surpasses Las Vegas and Macau. (Moreover, pachinko parlors are physically scattered, so the public access is easy and the impact is large).
Nevertheless, pachinko / pachislot so far has been left unreasonable without legally gambling, but for the first time, a private gambling from the front is allowed, and as it has fallen, gambling. I don’t think it’s reasonable to focus on the disadvantages of inducing addiction.
Also, in the sense of addiction, the same can be said not only for casinos, but also for various preferences and entertainment, such as sake, tobacco, and branded goods, so it is not necessary to point out the problems of addiction only for casinos. We believe that the addiction for these should be left to the free choices of the people as they are not directly harmful to others.
* Because this article gives priority to easy -to -understand, there is a part that lacks legal strictness. There is also some differences in opinions by lawyers.
In 1929, Yvon Mustier interviewed Elenish. The article was published in La Femme et les sports. There, Nice knotted like this.
“I praise exercise and life.”
She was the appropriate self -assessment of the female racing driver, the most colorful and successful in the 1920s and 30s. She was actually hard to send her women -centered praise for her. She was because Ellennis was a bold and successful racing driver.
Nice, who was called Bugatti Queen, came up with a brilliant star in the motor sports world. She was followed by her adjective who runs her pole and play. She on the other hand, she floated as a giant of immersion, for -profit, brilliant, brilliant, cheerful, youthful, brilliant, and sprint. On the other hand, on the other side, she was notorious, crazy, and tired. She went to heaven and hell, depending on whether she would save her history as a glorious day or to be obsessed with her shocking downfall. It was hard to find more dramatic cases than her fall in the driver’s life in history. She rolled into a tomb of shameful loneliness and tombstone in the gorgeous queen of the motor sports world.
At any position of the non -profit Foundation Bugatti Trust, I was surrounded by historical data. Nice’s personal data, as well as Miranda Shimo, were collected to use her Nice’s electricity. In the end, Shimo made a very accurate and detailed success in 2004. Bugatti Queen: In Search of a Motor-Racing Legend. Among them, there was a small brown leather notebook. There were only two letters in the middle of the old label. HN. Her personal memorandum that Nice has written since 1937.
There were all the nouns of the Parisian social community and famous colleagues. There was also two elegant photos of her dancing scene. According to Provence-Alps-Court Daer’s extraordinary women, they were in her last residence. It was a better monument that had already disappeared a long time ago. In front of him, I was swirling.
When I was invited to drive 35B Grand Prix, I was in charge of electrical data investigation. Nice’s masterpiece was in the hands of the US collector and moved to England for a while and was under the strict protection of James Mitchell, a member of Fendin. She was on her way back to the United States via Britain in her great success in Tilia & Elegance near Paris, France. In the Chantilli Elegance, he was ranked second in the Category of Brande Grande.
The last Bugatti I didn’t know was a four -wheeled roll type 53. In addition, I heard about how excellent the handling of this special type 35B was. That’s why I was eager to drive to the track and push it once.
Bugatti founder Torre Bugatti began his business in Mall Shaim, close to the German border northeastern France. In Bugatti Blue’s sea, he thought that there would be a lot of “original” colors that he painted with paint barrels. Among them was Ellennis’ Bugatti. In my opinion, the color was like the fruit of the laurel fruit and the fry of the Blue.
Nice was the third owner of the chassis number 4863. It was made in 1926, and then returned to the factory, and on March 29, 1930, Nice was bought by Nice. According to Antoe Rafaelli’s book Bugatti Hunter, 4863 was first registered as 1763 WW5 on July 2, 1927, to Marco Andri -Si, Amsterdam. But after Ellennis bought it, he began to be fame in the circuit.
There was no reason to be disappointed. Nice’s Type 35 was completely racing from style, sense, smell and sound. Mitchell briefly told me that there was no way to play. It’s good though, it’s a race. I started without any time to go to the chapter. I went around the refreshing and dazzling autumn morning circuit. It was a very precious tea historically, but I was worried about it, but it ran like a dream.
Type 35 has a reputation as a car that has to drive to the brain rather than muscle strength. Like this type 35B, there were rare cars that were cheerful and confidently. The gearbox was perfect, cornering was correct and direct. As the owner of the past once did, Bugatti chewed the track.
Nice was born under the name of Mariet 더나인카지노 Ellen Langle in the village of about 75 km southwest of Paris. She was saddened to go to Paris in search of her dazzling life. In 1903, the young girl witnessed the Paris-Madrid Rally cars passing by the house. At that time, unlike her rural village, Jolie realized that she had a vital world.
Nice, who entered Paris, gained her reputation as a model, a song, a dancer. When she reached her reputation as a dancer, she appeared in the famous Morris Schwalier Gala in Casino de Paris.
In the meantime, Nice injured her knees in a ski accident. At that time she finally tasted her motor sports following Philip Barong de Lot Shield, Jean Bugatti and her friends. There, her life was new.
On September 25, 1929, an article called ‘Women and Car’ appeared in the La Bee Auto Mobil. It was a praise of changes in society, which gives women more opportunities. At the same time, in the 1920s, the reason why women did not succeed in the motor sports world vividly testified that it was a technology problem, not society. According to him, the technology advanced the woman, not the car, approached the woman. It was a perfect timing for Nice, a woman.
That year, Madgel Ellenis was borrowed from the borrowed omega-Six to the top of the podium at her first Grand Prix (GP). He also won the Bugatti T35C of Rot Shield and bought his car. It was the car I drove, and I joined the Etore Bugatti Racing Team.
In December of that year, Nice challenged her records in Montle Levi Circuit with 4863. She was supported by Bugatti Factory Team. Even today’s record was impressive. She broke 16 km of circuit at 190 km / h. In an interview with George Frashar, she laughed at her surroundings. “Wait for you to run at 320 km / h!” I briefly cut the horror that she first felt. “Everyone gets used to it.”
She finally faced an era when she began to reveal the power of public relations and marketing. Nice was a good topic. Her photographs of 4863’s steering were distributed through synthcation, and she must reveal the source.
Recently, a well -preserved photo has been on eBay, and a collection of duck has been sold. Nice was likely to have been used in the 1930 US tour. After being invited as a demonstration driver, she succeeded in playing 18 games on the unpaved track and bank tracks. She was the only woman in the 1930s. She drove 4863 to boldly challenge the bank track. So she wondered what was the difference between her 4863 handling and the previous Bugatti type 29/30 ‘Indianapolis’ machine. Bugatti Indianapolis was a special type designed for oval.
Everybody did not positively evaluate her innate qualities, Nice’s in the spotlight. When she enjoyed her fame, she was as opposed and envy as she was. Nevertheless, large companies such as Lucky Strike, Grada and Yako have sponsored.
Nice went to the starting grid with the motorcycles of the motor sports, Karachi Ola, Shirong, Dryfus, Phage Oli, Nouveau Rali, Mili and Rose Meyer. She challenged her traditional European Grand Prix in 1931-36. There were Casablanca, Cosmen, Diev, Marseille, Montleera and Moncha. She also went out even though she was rally and heel cla. She especially set her female record in Mong Bang in September 1932 at 18:41.1 seconds. She added, she was second in the 2L class.
In 1936, the French industry suffered from massive strikes and lack of fuel, and the economy was significantly reduced in the motor sports. But Elenish threw her patriotic flag for France and her car maker Matt. Mattford has published a public relations booklet like a three -color flag of France. There, she, with Nice, wrote with three female drivers Siko, de Foret and de Cola. In 1937, these four female drivers ran 33,578 km over 10 days. In the endurance, 25 world records were set. She was a national hero who praised not only in France but also abroad.
Ellennis was born in 1900. That year, another Bugatti female driver was Elizabeth UNEK. Both women have gained international fame in extremely dangerous and competitive sports. Not only did he win the motor sports, he also took the lead in winning the great history of women. Furthermore, he set a world record in speed and durability race, and made the first woman ‘first’. But the life of the two rivals could not be so different.
I looked at books on men and women’s drivers throughout the 1950s and 60s. There was a UNEK. Her autobiography, Bugatti’s Life, was written in detail after her retirement. She kept her warm relationship as a much wider Bugatti family and an honorary member of the club. If you listen to only two, there were Bugatte owners clubs and vintage sports car clubs. In Nice, she was the opposite of him.
In 1949, Monte Carlo Rally Nice returned. At that time her Louis Long condemned her as a Nazi, and her sister Solang back her back, and her mother Alexandrin pulled her daughter Nice from her heritage heir. Her father and her brother left the world early and had no family. Because of this, she was completely lonely in the world.
After her sponsor and her colleagues disappeared, Nice could have supported her life for some time. In 1936, a big accident occurred in Sao Paulo Grand Prix, and many of her audiences lost their lives, and Nice suffered severe injuries for three days. In the race track, tragedy often occurred. After the rivals and best friends, such as Le Mans 24 -hour winner Henri ‘Cook’ and Bruno Darcour, Nice left the race for a while. Her mental shock and her lifestyle had a big influence on what history revealed. Bugatti Quinn could not endure her pain that lost her racing “family.”
A charity organization that supports poverty artists, La Lu Tuern, gave her a rustic last place on the streets of Eduard Scope in Nice, France. Her last companion Arnol, Vinelli, left her and left for a younger woman. According to French Bugatti expert Andre Bangda, her neighbor did not know that she lived there.
Banda found a photo in the book of Antoe Rafaelli in Nice’s junk. Her whereabouts had been known, and her local Bugatti organization would have accepted her. Peter Blue-Richeli was an enthusiastic applicant of Elenish. She had more room for more valuable materials.
In the 1950s and 60s, Nice was bullied in the women’s motor sports. Atlanta of SCH Davis in 1955 briefly introduced her. She was only in her “guitar” driver. Then, there was an electricity that could penetrate her life. Rafaeli posted her varnish on the cover of the book published in 1997. Subsequently, Miranda Shimo investigated and wrote her for many years and finally made a decision in her electricity. However, I stopped because I wanted to read the article based on her golden age.
Nice was depicted as a person who doesn’t know the low -end gear. Her background that she was the daughter of a rural postal was quite different from other women from high society. In the upstream society of the time, there was a trend that boasted her boring hobbies and aspirations. Her youthful personality and sensual appearance opened the door from the beginning. She and she had a tremendous performance, including eight world records. It was a brilliant before the female driver. She and her contemporary female American pilot Jackie Coke Run, her woman, summarized her confidence. “I don’t want to be a man. I just wanted to fly. ” Nice wanted to play her as an original “top gear” woman. And her Bugatti 4863 was a means of realizing her dreams.
In 2010, the Elenish Project, supported by the Elenish Foundation, Miranda Shimo and the Dearlangle family, collected money to create a commemorative copper plate. And it was attached to her tomb in Saint-Saint Saint-Saint-Me HTs near Paris. Finally, she was able to reconstruct a little bit of dignity and her honor.
Written by Angela Hucke photo Tony Baker
February 2016 issue @autocarkorea